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A moderate loop with some fun rock scrambling and amazing views toward the city.

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1,287' 392 m


167' 51 m


1,121' 342 m


1,120' 342 m



Avg Grade (7°)


Max Grade (31°)

Dogs Leashed

Features Birding · Fall Colors · Lake · Views · Wildlife


An ideal first stage of a Bear Mountain Loop, the Major Welch Trail is "spicier" than the Appalachian Trail approach, as well as more scenic and more challenging. Stroll past scenic Hessian Lake on a flat grade, then ascend through woodland, breaking out on to a series of rock slabs that will give you an ever-improving view of the Hudson River valley.

While not technically rock climbing, you'll get more exposure than a typical run and the use of hands will be required in some spots. The top flattens out as you join the Appalachian Trail and finish at the Perkins Memorial Tower on top of Bear Mountain, where the view opens up to the south towards New York City.

Runner Notes

There are some fairly steep, exposed rock sections that are essentially impossible to run.

The Appalachian Trail was rerouted and construction was completed in the Fall of 2018. The route down is now a two-mile rock stair case with short flat sections.


To access this loop, start at the Carousel in the main Bear Mountain parking lot and run north along the asphalt start of the Major Welch Trail around the west shore of Hessian Lake. Pass the lake on the right, and go to almost the other end of the lake, where you'll find a trail leaving the pavement up to the left.

Follow this singletrack section of the Major Welch Trail as it gently curves to the left and suddenly begins to ascend more directly.

After passing through some rough trail and some newly installed steps, you'll emerge at the first of a series of exposed rock faces. Your shoes should just barely allow you to climb up these faces without the use of hands in dry weather, but maintain three points of contact to be safe!

Each ledge offers a better and better view, first of Popolopen Torne across Popolopen Gorge and Route 6, then the town of Fort Montgomery, then the Bear Mountain Bridge, and north to West Point.

Finally, you'll cross Perkins Memorial Drive (watch out for cyclists and motor vehicles!) and reach the summit plateau, where the trail turns right to contour around under the summit through a mythical-looking pine forest strewn with house-sized boulders, eventually ending at the summit parking lot. Take pictures of the skyscrapers of Manhattan a world away, and descend back to the car via the Appalachian Trail.


Land Manager: NY State Parks

Shared By:

Zander Göpfert with improvements by Joshua Howard

Trail Ratings

  4.1 from 67 votes


  4.1 from 67 votes
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in New York


44 Views Last Month
42,198 Since Nov 22, 2016
Intermediate/Difficult Intermediate/Difficult



View from an overlook just off the trail.
Nov 12, 2020 near Fort Mo…, NY
Even on a foggy day, the hike itself is worth it!
May 9, 2018 near Fort Mo…, NY
View of the Hudson River
Nov 12, 2020 near Fort Mo…, NY
Bear Mountain Park and surrounding area.
Nov 22, 2016 near Fort Mo…, NY
Hudson River from the Major Welch Trail on Bear Mountain
Sep 11, 2017 near Fort Mo…, NY
A few hours of travel finally brought us to the peak!
May 17, 2017 near Fort Mo…, NY



Current Trail Conditions

Minor Issues 10 days ago
Add Your Check-In


Jul 31, 2022
Bad maintenance of trail if you want to finish the loop from the tower. You might get lost. What's with the hikers here? Keep your trails clean. — 1h 38m
Apr 13, 2019
Da Yan Zi McDonough
Aug 18, 2018
Shameel Arafin
Not great for trail running, because most of this is not runnable. That being said — great views, totally worth it. 6.5mi
May 15, 2018
Josef Soto

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