Captain Jacks Stronghold
ElevationAscent: 104' 32 m
Descent: -107' -33 m
High: 4,115' 1,254 m
Low: 4,049' 1,234 m
GradeAvg Grade: 3% (2°)
Max Grade: 11% (6°)
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“A run through a literal fortress of lava.”— Tom Robson
As you run this trail through the confusing paths of the stronghold, think of the courage it took for a small band of Modoc people to endure the winter of 1872-1873 here. Try as well to imagine the fear Army soldiers must have felt launching an assault on this fortress of lava.
Hospital Rock, one of the sites from which the Army attacked, is also visible from high points within the stronghold. It can be visited along the road just to the east. Once the Army drove the Modoc from this stronghold, they soon drove them from their entire homeland. Still, a modern culture of Modoc descendants survives, especially in Oregon and Oklahoma. You may see prayer ribbons and sage offerings hanging on the medicine pole near the junction of the two trails, signifying the continuing importance of this special place.
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Need to Know, Flora & Fauna, Runner Notes
Land Manager: U.S. National Park Service - Lava Beds National Monument